Textile products produced outside of the traditional textile production process in order to gain a variety of functional properties are called technical textiles or industrial textiles. Functionality is in the foreground for these products, rather than aesthetics and appearance. These functional properties can be given to the fabrics during the finishing process after weaving and knitting.
However, when we say technical textile, non-knit and non-woven products (nonwovens) comes to mind first. The raw material in the fiber stage is formed into a web using either the drylaid, wetlaid and spunlaid methods in order to form the nonwoven fabric surface. Subsequently, the layers of the web are fixed by chemical bonding, thermal bonding and mechanical bonding.
Various binding methods are used; the unique properties of both the fiber and the joining method give the nonwovens the quality suitable for industrial use; liquid repellence, liquid absorbency, superior durability, high elasticity, anti-bacterially, insulating, conductivity, etc. These products have more added value than conventional textiles.
Technical textiles are used extensively in the following areas; agricultural textiles (agrotech), technical clothing (clothtech), geological textiles (geotech), home textiles (hometech), medical textiles (medtech), textiles for vehicles (mobiltech), ecological textiles (oekotech), packaging textiles (packtech), protective textiles (protech) and sports textiles (sportech).
Among the technology firms related to the nonwoven production process; The Trützschler Group, DILO Group, Andritz Group, Reicofil, stand out.
Smart textiles can be seen as another subheading of technical textiles. These rapidly developing products are part of smart clothing and smart solutions.